Analyzing the Effect of Character on the Plot, Ask students to reread what they have recorded about each of the characters; then ask, “Does the characterization of any one of them have an important impact on the plot? The process of conducting a literature review Independent of what approach will be used to conduct the literature review, a number of steps that must be taken and decisions made to create a review that meets the requirements for publication (for specific considerations in relationship to each step. Access a version of the story at,, Then put students in small groups of three or four and give them markers and sheets of chart paper. Writing a title and introduction. They may describe the first little pig as not particularly bright or not having foresight. In this lesson, students will review literary elements and use that knowledge to analyze a literary work. Alliteration. I’ve developed. We’ve all read those papers that are nothing but plot summary when what we really wanted was analysis. I get the kids to make statements about key facts and events in the first section they read. It is also the point at which you turn a critical eye to your earlier questions and observations to find the most compelling points and discard the ones that are a “stretch” or are fascinating but have no clear connection to the text as a whole. It focuses on how the author uses characters, plot and structure, setting and a lot of other techniques to create a meaning. What is ‘theme’?” Possible answers include that theme is the central idea of a story. Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story, drama, or poem propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision. An outline is an action plan, which helps to survive. Choose language that expresses ideas precisely and concisely, recognizing and eliminating wordiness and redundancy. Introduce text(s) for the intended audience, state an opinion and/or topic, establish a situation, and create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s purpose. We’ve all read those papers that are nothing but plot... 2. The cover was put on again in an instant and the Wolf was boiled up. Discuss any differences of opinion. Before leaving plot, remind students of the definition of conflict and conflict’s importance in the plot (i.e., the plot is based on the main conflict: wolf versus pigs). (missing performer), “Share with a partner and double check each other’s work.”. “Remember that a theme is always a general statement, one that could be used for more than one story. Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text. Identifying a theme is tricky, so tell students that you’re writing down a possible theme too. Below is the list of those elements, to remind you about the essential parts of the essay. “In your groups, take another sheet of paper and write down the setting of the story.” After the groups are finished, have them volunteer to discuss the setting they chose. When assigned to write literary analysis essays, many students question what a literary analysis essay actually is and what it comprises. Literary analysis is another process of reading (and writing!) This is accomplished by examining the literary devices, word choices, or Reaffirm what students said about the stepmother’s character, filling in any gaps with your own description. Teach the difference between summary and literary analysis. In this case, use the sentence you have just composed for theme as your thesis statement. The final song was sung by Kent and Keesha. (For ELL students or to review) Have students read another children’s tale, like “Goldilocks and the Three Bears,” and follow precisely the same process used with “The Three Little Pigs.” For ELL students, this has the added benefit of acquainting them with another tale often referred to and helps them become more familiar with the English-speaking culture. Students analyze stories in groups so that individuals have the support of others. They may insert a performer of their choice in order to rewrite the sentence into active formation. To start your literary analysis paper, you’ll need two things: a good … Instead, a literary analysis discusses a writer’s interpretation of a text through careful examination of the author’s choices within the text: word choice, themes, motifs, as well as many other literary devices. For example, what word or phrase would you use to describe the first pig, who made his house out of straw?” Let students respond. Have them respond to this question aloud. Take note of students who may need additional help and work with them individually during the next class session. (missing performer). See that each student has a copy of the final paragraph or display it for class viewing. What is the evidence?”. Here is a guide that outlines everything you need to know to write a good literary analysis. If students need more instruction about what a theme is, discuss the theme of another popular tale, such as “Humpty Dumpty” or “Cinderella,” which you discussed earlier in the lesson. He is also quick-witted in getting the lid off the pot of boiling water and popping it back on after the wolf falls into it. They may describe the third pig as being clever, quick, and daring, whereas the wolf is dense and overly confident. Literary analysis essay outline looks like the outlines of other academic papers, but it may have more paragraphs depending on the writer’s flow of thoughts. literature or an aspect of a work of literature. The kids brainstorm as many as they can. As a result of this event, the character wins or loses. Eventually, the main character has to face the main conflict directly. This makes it very clear who is doing what to what. “Make a list of the main characters.” The groups will most likely list the three pigs and the wolf. When students are finished, ask them to share the events they identified for each part of the plot structure. When you write a literary analysis essay, you should remember that, just like any other assay, should have certain elements that contribute to its structure. I ask: We write the facts and events on the board and decide, together, which ones are the most important. 1. 3. Two effective responses are the third little pig or the wolf. The thesis sentence should have a generous amount of evidence, and it should be, in some way, closely connected to the climax of the story.”, Take ten minutes to use the last paragraph of “The Three Little Pigs” to illustrate the different effects of active and passive voice in writing. The purpose of a literature essay analysis is to evaluate and examine a particular literary work or some aspect of it. Ask them to explain their choice using evidence from the text. Also, post the definitions of these plot elements in the classroom. You should definitely include the name of the author, the name of his work as well as provide some additional information on the novel or story. Use the plot diagram to graph the plot of ‘The Three Little Pigs.’” Give students a time frame, and then walk around the room to review each group’s work. • Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. Teach students to identify key facts. Use verbs in the active and passive voice and in the conditional and subjunctive mood to achieve particular effects (e.g., emphasizing the actor or the action, expressing uncertainty, or describing a state contrary to fact). After I returned the essays, I shared my disappointment and they didn’t seem surprised. These sections are enough to make the writing process simpler and enable sentences to build up coherently and support each other. Step 3. The character gets or doesn’t get what s/he wants. Perseverance does not always bring success. A pot full of water was hung on the blazing fire. They include: Write down your thoughts while reading the text. Unfortunately, the pot of boiling water finally puts an end to the wolf’s attempts to achieve his goal. I transfer them to either a piece of chart paper or a digital file that we can add to and reference later. Teaching The Process of Literary Analysis 1. An award for good citizenship was won by Ty. Pitfalls. Identifying Setting and Analyzing Its Role in the Story. In this case, you used the theme sentence as the thesis statement and showed how one theme is revealed through the setting(s) and, for the other theme, through the personality and actions of the characters.”. practice or process or closely examining sections of literary writing to uncover how they relate to or affect the work as a whole (yes) How is she important?” Summarize students’ responses for the class to view. How do readers know what to believe in what they read, hear, and view? Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research, applying grade-level reading standards for literature and literary nonfiction. practice analyzing how character, setting, plot, and theme affect one another. The process of learning how to write a literary analysis can be daunting and overwhelming at first, but as you gain more practice with this kind of thinking, you can craft a method that works best for you. In most active sentences, the performer usually comes first, then the action, then the object. “It is difficult to tell who is doing what to what in this version. This chapter discusses the research findings with reference to the literature reviewed. He was eaten for supper by the little Pig. Introduction. In this kind of essay, the author examines the book, novel, play, etc. Hе tаlkѕ аbоut thе grеаt іdеа оr … Organize the Notes and Outline. Who are the characters in this classic tale?” Write students’ responses for the class to view. These archetypes may be themes, such as love, characterizations, such as the hero; or patterns, such as death and rebirth. “Before we finish this lesson, let’s look at the last paragraph of ‘The Three Little Pigs’ to understand the difference between using active or passive voice. Here you also try to attract interest of your reader to your paper, that could be done by asking rhetorical question, providing relevant quote or revealing an unknown fact about the problem or the work. Log in, If you polled your students would they tell you that they, If we want students to truly understand what they are doing, we need to show them the process of analysis and then make it a daily habit, not just something for final assignments. This data has been generated by Essay Writers! These situations or events make up the rising action in the story. Access the story at, a board, large screen, or easel with large drawing pad to put up examples, student responses, a pad of large sheets of chart paper, several sheets for each group, class viewing access to “The Three Little Pigs,” available at, access to an example of a plot graph (see. While the grade is sometimes partially determined by the teacher's guidelines, success ultimately lies in the student's understanding of what makes a good literary analysis. Also, if groups have trouble picking out relevant evidence to support their thesis statement, you may need to review the matter with the entire class before proceeding. “As you can see from the diagram, most stories don’t follow a flat line. Then decide who is doing the action. Focus Question: How do we analyze literature? Let’s discuss the stepmother. Start by looking for the action in the sentence. They then compare notes with the other groups and make necessary changes. Literary analysis is a practice of looking closely at small parts to understand how they affect the whole, as well as examining and sometimes evaluating a piece of literature. “The first step in the analysis is to break the story into its literary elements. (We recommend a separate document f… After you make notes, formulate questions, and set tentative hypotheses, you must analyze the subject of your close reading. Students know that they are learning how to analyze a literary work and that they will be asked to write an analysis of their own independent reading book at the end of the unit. In the case of a story, we break it into its literary elements, like character and plot, in order to see how they work together to produce the story. A literary analysis essay is a form of opinion essay in which students share their opinion about the theme and other literary elements. This is shown through settings of the pigs’ own homes, a turnip field, an apple orchard, a road to the fair. As with any analysis, this requires you to break the subject down into its component parts. “However, in passive voice, the position is often flipped; the object is often first, then the action, then the performer of the action. These essays were a waste of time for the student to write and for us to read. What will work best for the audience? “Now we are going to look at a third important story element: setting.” If necessary, review the definition of setting. How do grammar and the conventions of language influence spoken and written communication? To avoid this, we need to devote some time to showing kids the difference. The falling action of the story shows the fulfillment of the climax, with the resolution providing an ending to the story.”. For the next 4–5 minutes, list the evidence that you would use to support your particular thesis statement.” Walk around the room and help groups as needed. Ask students if they have any questions about the basic plot elements. The pig’s cleverness shapes the story. These key facts and events, then, begin to make up the evidence they will use later for analysis. The soup was eaten. Put these two pieces in the common order: performer first, action second. Sure, most readers like to learn about the setting and the characters before the main action starts, and the writer is able to give some of this information during the exposition. For instance, let’s talk about the story Cinderella. Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences, conclusions, and/or generalizations drawn from the text. If so, how?” For example, the brick house appears most frequently, but it does not affect the events involving the first two pigs. Literary analysis is a particularly important skill in middle school and high school English Language Arts. Develop the analysis using relevant evidence from text(s) to support claims, opinions, ideas, and inferences and demonstrating an understanding of the text(s). So far in the process of my research, I have been reading other critiques on the piece and about the physician who inspired Gilman to write this story in the first place. that allows you to make a claim about the text. Imagine how uninteresting stories would be if the characters didn’t do anything or if everything was always okay. develop evidence from a literary work to support a thesis statement. Students will: The possible inclusion of commercial websites below is not an implied endorsement of their products, which are not free, and are not required for this lesson plan. Identifying Characters and Plot Elements. While we want our kids to move beyond summary to analysis, they still need to... 3. “When we analyze something, we break it down into its separate parts and look at how those parts work together. IntroductionThe goal of this part is to explain your reader what your paper is going to be about. Observe and assist students as they work on the plot graphs. Archetypal criticism is a critical approach to literature that seeks to find and understand the purpose of archetypeswithin literature. Therefore, the impact of the stepmother’s cruelty on the plot could become the focus of an analysis. Still in groups, they work through the process of selecting relevant evidence to support a thesis statement. A simple example is the sentence ‘Scott plays the guitar.’” Write this for class viewing and label the performer, action, and object. Prerequisite Skills haven't been entered into the lesson plan. Writing a literary analysis essay is a seven-step process where you analyze an author's work, decide on a controlling idea, and prove your idea with supporting evidence from the text. Why do writers write? See Table 3). This has enabled them to cultivate awareness of not only the requirements of literary study bu… It makes the reader wonder ‘who?’ It is as if the cover of the pot was magically removed and replaced, and we cannot really tell that the Little Pig was the one responsible for defeating the Wolf. Pick a few of the students’ responses and briefly discuss how their explanations could be turned into a thesis statement for an essay. Students participate actively in groups as they analyze the story. The sentence ‘Scott plays the guitar’ in passive voice would read, ‘The guitar is played’ or ‘The guitar is played by Scott.’” Write the sentences for class viewing and label the parts. In fact, all of our lessons in ELA center around analyzing literature-- from fiction to poetry to nonfiction. This type of paper is aimed at discussing and analyzing a literary piece of writing. Students may have a problem when they discover the sentences with missing subjects. Strategies for Teaching Secondary English. Teaching the Process for Literary Analysis. Setting 5. Organize the claim(s) with clear reasons and evidence clearly; clarify relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence by using words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion; provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented. Possible answers include the road on which the pigs journey, the straw house, the stick house, the brick house, the turnip field, the apple orchard, the hill on the way home from the fair. In an active sentence, the subject of the sentence is obviously doing the action. Building materials into a pile on the ground makes no sense – the writer may lose the point in the middle of the process. Greediness can result in disaster, as illustrated by the actions of the wolf, who is motivated by greed, and climaxes in his final ill-fated attempt to eat the third little pig. However, a student could make a good case for the impact of the brick house on the rest of the story because it provides security from the wolf. Process for Literary Analysis For my most recent literary analysis piece, I am doing The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Gilman, a short story first published in January 1892. “Now identify one important characteristic for each character you listed and record it next to that character’s name. (Then you’ll have a theme in case no one else has one that works.) For instance: Explain to students: “The thesis statement is the heart of your analysis, and the rest of it is presenting and explaining the evidence that supports your thesis. Greediness can result in disaster. How do strategic readers create meaning from informational and literary text? A literary analysis essay is a type of essay which includes an argumentative analysis of a piece of literature. The clothes were neatly folded and put away in the dresser. This can be achieved by breaking the work down into composite analysis. They have read complex texts, thought critically about them, and reflected on their own reading practice. Critical Thinking Activities for Any Text. After you have glanced at each group’s work and provided verbal feedback, say, “Before we analyze the plot, let’s review the basic plot elements: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.” Give the groups copies of a plot graph (LW-8-1-1_Plot Diagram.docx). Use this teachable moment to elicit their agreement about how confusing passive voice can be. My. What is the purpose? Students discuss as a class and in small groups. Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision. What learning processes take place? The main point of a literary analysis is to show that you see the connection between the ideas, plot, and know the role of stylistic devices used in the book. “The guitar, which is the object, is now the first thing we hear about, and then we know that it is being played, which is the action, but Scott, who is the performer of the action, either isn’t named at all or isn’t mentioned until the very end. Let’s start with identifying the characters.”, Step 1. For example, what if the last paragraph of ‘The Three Little Pigs’ had been written like this: The little Pig saw what he was about. Data analysis, findings and literature review 3.1 INTRODUCTION Chapter 2 described the research design and methodology. Once all understand what literary analysis is, guide them through the following analysis process. They might describe the second little pig as being similar to the first little pig. Literary Analysis Essay іѕ аn асаdеmіс tаѕk thаt еxаmіnеѕ аnd еvаluаtеѕ an lіtеrаrу wоrk оr a раrtісulаr aspect оf a раrtісulаr lіtеrаrу piece. “What is the evidence from the text that supports your evaluation?” Let students respond. Examining the different elements of a piece of literature is not an end in itself but rather a process to help you better appreciate and understand the work of literature as a whole. Write their responses for class viewing. The exit tickets identifying three aspects of plot will also identify individuals in need of review. “So far, we’ve talked about how characters can affect the plot. You will be asked to work in a group, to participate in class discussion, and to do individual exercises to develop your analytical skill.”. In passive voice, it can be hard to tell who is doing what to what. “Now you will continue working in your groups. Dangers lurk in unexpected places. Despite the fact that he can’t blow down the brick house and is outsmarted about the turnips and the apples, he still tries to catch the third pig by making a date to go to the fair. If you can’t find very much evidence for your statement, you need to choose a different one. You may want to refer again to the Cinderella story to illustrate plot elements. Develop and analyze the topic with relevant, well-chosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples; include graphics and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. Who is the audience? How to Analyze a Literary Work: Introduction to the Process Objectives. Do you think the setting plays an important role too? They do a turn-and-talk and then we discuss their ideas as a class. Using a familiar children’s tale for the first experience with the analytical process allows students to focus on the process itself rather than having to deal with new reading material as well. 2. Using a variety of books allows students to benefit from observing both the strengths and weaknesses of the drafts written by their classmates and to apply what they learn to their own work. Some students need guidance when choosing a topic, but others have ideas that they would like to explore. “Most action in stories is clearer and more interesting if it is written in active voice. A literary analysis is the process where you have to read a literary work and study it to figure out how the author gets his main points across. In longer sentences, this can confuse the reader. Making the leap from literature to literary analysis can be difficult for some, so allow time for additional explanation about the nature of analysis. A literary analysis is not merely a summary of a literary work. What follows is a general examination of the tale: Step 2. Lord of the Flies, for example, is filled to the brim with allegory. It describes the main topic or idea of the book you read. Write with an awareness of the stylistic aspects of writing. 3.2 SAMPLE Sampling is “the process of selecting a portion of the population to represent the entire population” (Polit et al 2001:233). Instructional videos haven't been assigned to the lesson plan. Possible answers: Dangers lurk in unexpected places. Topics can be divided into the main literary elements: 1. However, in order to build and maintain a reader’s interest, the writer needs to introduce obstacles that a character needs to overcome. In this lesson, students will review literary elements and use this knowledge to analyze a children’s tale. “What passive voice did you hear?” (Write these parts for class viewing and have students tell you how to label them.). The determination of the wolf is the force that shapes the story. Although it is sometimes appropriate to use passive voice, most writing should be in active voice. 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